Marine safety is of great importance for people who venture into the sea; whether on-board a yacht or sailboat. Emergency position indicating radio beacons are essential to ensuring safety and have played a major role in saving the lives of many boaters.
‘EPIRB’ stands for Emergency Position Indicating Radio Beacons. EPIRB’s play an important role in marine safety. The system consists of a worldwide network of satellites that alert the rescue authorities in the event of a water accident. The system is capable of providing your exact latitude and longitude of your yacht by transmitting a digital signal on the international distress signal frequency on 406 MHz.
Emergency locating beacons are of three types.
1) EPIRB: Emergency position-indicating radio beacons.
2) ELTs (emergency locator transmitters) to signal aircraft distress.
3) PLBs (personal locator beacons) for personal use.
1) EPIRB: EPIRB transmits a distress signal, which can be detected by a network of satellites anywhere in the world. They are mainly used to send distress signals during maritime disasters or accidents. They are used in yachts, boats, and ships both those carrying passengers and for pleasure boats and yachts.
2) ELTs: These are used to transmit distress signals during an air disaster. They emit a distress signal of 243.0 MHz and 121.5MHz frequency. The ELTs are automatically activated in event of an impact or can also be manually activated. They are intended for use in aircraft.
3) PLBs: Personal locator beacons are highly useful to adventurous people who go hiking or on trips far away from human settlements. They are ideal in view of safety while on a trip in the sea. They work on the same principle as EPIRB.
All transmitters are required to be registered to the owner for to be affective. Diligent yacht owners and boating enthusiast understand the importance of installing these transmitters on their watercraft.